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The Process of Designing websites, mobile applications, or any kind of software requires different type of approaches, as well as languages. These languages techniques are divided into three basic parts namely programming languages, scripting languages, and markup languages. These language differentiations are made to fit each category of deployed web pages, apps, or programming code into it. A well-defined plan of selecting a suitable technique between them has to be always made before deploying it and the process of development cannot be moved further blindly.
Programming languages are compiler-based languages are developed from scratch and that run independently as compared to scripting languages. In programming, a set of instructions or code tells an operation to be performed. In programming, a logical structure and generic statements are provided, and a definite set of input instructions will perform output. These given instructions are always written in a human-readable language and here the compiler comes into the picture where these languages are converted to binary format or also known as machine language (language to be understood by the computers). These concepts are completely different from the scripting language as explained before.
Examples of Programming languages include C, C++, C#, Java, etc. These languages support modern hardware and compilation techniques.
Other Languages like Python sit in both programming and scripting types because many coders use this language without a compilation step, but the central part of implementing the python must require a compilation, and only after that it can be run in the bytecode.
Markup languages are also languages, but we can't say that markup languages contain programming fundamentals, because these languages are not to be executed or used to perform such actions, moreover, these markups can be used in the data structure, data identifying, or presenting data in required cases.
Examples of markup languages are HTML (Hyper-text Markup Language), XHTML (same with HTML but with some differences), XML (for data structuring), etc. Markup languages are completely different from programming languages and scripting languages, and these markups do not contain any systematic logic or algorithm.