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Difference Between Programming, Scripting and Markup Languages

Difference Between Programming, Scripting & Markup Languages

The Process of Designing websites, mobile applications, or any kind of software requires different type of approaches, as well as languages. These languages techniques are divided into three basic parts namely programming languages, scripting languages, and markup languages. These language differentiations are made to fit each category of deployed web pages, apps, or programming code into it. A well-defined plan of selecting a suitable technique between them has to be always made before deploying it and the process of development cannot be moved further blindly.

What is Scripting Language?

A script is basically a programming language in which compilation steps are not mandatory to run the program. Script languages are like subdomains of programming that are used to provide guidance to other programs or we can use them to control other programs, so it also contains instructions. this technique is never standalone because it is used to connect a programming language to another which is an important step. The scripting process does not need a specific compiling process but it requires to be interpreted (Scanning the script by line number instead of compiling). This technique is used to combine existing components where scripts are running inside another program or creating dependencies. Low maintenance scripting languages are PHP, JavaScript, and VBScript, etc.

What is Programming Language?

Programming languages are compiler-based languages are developed from scratch and that run independently as compared to scripting languages. In programming, a set of instructions or code tells an operation to be performed. In programming, a logical structure and generic statements are provided, and a definite set of input instructions will perform output. These given instructions are always written in a human-readable language and here the compiler comes into the picture where these languages are converted to binary format or also known as machine language (language to be understood by the computers). These concepts are completely different from the scripting language as explained before.

Examples of Programming languages include C, C++, C#, Java, etc. These languages support modern hardware and compilation techniques.

Other Languages like Python sit in both programming and scripting types because many coders use this language without a compilation step, but the central part of implementing the python must require a compilation, and only after that it can be run in the bytecode.

What is Markup Language?

Markup languages are also languages, but we can't say that markup languages contain programming fundamentals, because these languages are not to be executed or used to perform such actions, moreover, these markups can be used in the data structure, data identifying, or presenting data in required cases.

Examples of markup languages are HTML (Hyper-text Markup Language), XHTML (same with HTML but with some differences), XML (for data structuring), etc. Markup languages are completely different from programming languages and scripting languages, and these markups do not contain any systematic logic or algorithm.


All the scripting languages are subdomains of programming languages but all the programming languages are not scripting languages. C++ can never be said to be a scripting language because it contains logical techniques, so it's just a programming language but we can say JavaScript programming or scripting languages because it contains both. Scripting languages usually show slow behavior than programming languages because compiled programs are converted into machine language first.